A patent is a set of exclusive property rights granted for an invention, which is a product, technique or process with transformative novel features that provides a new way of doing something or a new solution to an issue. To get a patent, you need to file a patent application and provide technical information about the invention.

  • It excludes others from making, using, distributing, importing or selling the invention without the patent owner’s consent. As a result, patent owners may get higher profit margins for their idea.
  • Competitors may consider the risks of patent infringement before contemplating entering the market for the patented product or service, which would reduce competition.
  • It increases the value of your business, since potential purchasers of your business would consider the patent as a valuable asset.
  1. Name and address of the applicant.
  2. Name, address and citizenship of the inventor(s).
  3. Invention title, abstract of the Invention, utility model or design.
  4. Invention, utility model or design text description.
  5. Claims.
  6. Priority claims (if any).
  7. Set of formal drawings.
  8. Translation of the foreign patent application into Spanish.
  9. Official filing fee.
  10. Power of Attorney.
  1. Patent Search.
  2. Application.
  3. Formal examination.
  4. Publication.
  5. Substantive examination.
  6. Granting of the patent.

Patent protection in Nicaragua lasts 20 years from the application date, non-extendable.

The approximate time from application to granting (for a prosecution without an opposition) is three or four years.

  • All documents must be translated into Spanish.
  • All signed documents must be apostilled.
  • Nicaragua is a contracting state of the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT).
  • Nicaragua is a contracting state of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.

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