Innovation is a key factor nowadays for technological, pharmaceutical and environmental developments that we all need, therefore it is necessary to have incredible minds like the one's we are going to mention, to helps us think of new solutions to our daily and future problems.
Remember that a patent is an exclusive right granted when a person files an application on the Intellectual Property institution of the respective country where the inventor wants to protect their invention or a utility model.
The invention could be a product or a process that generally provides a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem.
The patent owner (inventor) can give a permission or license to other parties to use the invention on mutually agreed terms. If the inventor wishes he/she can sell the patent to someone else, and that person will become the new owner.
Depending on the country where the patent is granted it receives certain amount of years to protect the product or process, but once a patent expires, the protection ends, and the invention enters to public domain; meaning that anyone can commercially use the invention without infringing the patent.
1. Inventor from Brazil: Alfredo Moser
He is known for inventing the Moser Lamp, is a Lamp created in 2002 with a plastic bottle, water and chlorine, which works by refracting sunlight. The intensity of the Moser Lamp is approximately 60 watts and does not emit CO2. They are easy to create and install.
The main reason why this lamp was created by Moser was due to the constant blackouts that were in Brazil and with this new device he was able to illuminates many free homes in the world like: Philippines, India, Bangladesh, Tanzania, Argentina and Fiji.
2. Inventor from Brazil: Andreas Pavel
It is a German inventor who was based in Brazil, he invented in February 1972 the well-known portable stereo, that was marketed seven years later by Sony, with the name Walkman. He studied philosophy and participated in several intellectual and creative movements, before joining the recently created TV Cultura as Director of Educational Programming.
His taste for music and constant movement, led him to to create a device that allow him to bring his favorite music with him, which he called "stereo belt". He tried to attract several manufacturers like Grundig, Philips, ITT and Yamaha for the production of its "stereo belt" in Europe, but he didn't succeed. Therefore, Pavel decided to patent his invention in Milan in March 1977, and did the same in the United States, Germany, England and Japan.
A couple of years later, Sony began negotiations with Pavel on the intellectual property of the invention, and acknowledged in 1986 that royalties would be paid for his invention, without recognition of intellectual property. But Pavel wasn't happy with that decision and decided to began a legal process in the United Kingdom in 1989 to claim his intellectual property. This process culminated in 2003 with Sony's request for an extra-court settlement, accepted by Pavel in 2005.
3. Inventor from Mexico: Luis E. Miramontes
Luis E. Miramontes was a Mexican chemist, one of the creators of norethisterone, the active compound base of the first synthetic oral contraceptive. Clearly, this invention is recognized as one of the greatest inventions for men and women, it's creation has help millions of cultures to control the number of unwanted pregnancies or viceversa help people who wants to have a family.
The invention is also attributed to Carl Djerassi, who was his teacher, and his colleague George Rosenkranz, although it was Miramontes who synthesized the compound for the first time.
4. Inventor from Peru: Pedro Paulet
Pedro Paulet was born in Arequipa, Peru in 1874, this engineer was the first person who built in 1895 a liquid fuel propulsion engine for a rocket, and is considered one of the "fathers of aeronautics" and modern rocketry.
His creations include jet engines, propulsion systems and an airplanes that would use thermoelectric batteries and rocket engines. Thanks to him and many other inventors we can travel around the world.
5. Inventor from Chile: Arturo Arias
Arturo Arias was a Chilean inventor, in 1969 that saw the need of inventing a device to measure the tremors that appear every other day in Chile. This engineer created a parameter that is used to determine the seismic risk of an area, called "Instrumental Seismic Intensity" or "Arias Intensity" (AI). The contributions of the Instrumental Seismic Intensity made it possible to establish anti-seismic safety standards in Chile, which were successfully tested for the 1985 earthquake.
This device is currently used by engineers to determine the damage that an earthquake causes to structures and buildings. It allows them to determine the reaction of a given soil to a seismic movement.
6. Inventor from Venezuela: Baruj Benacerraf
In 1980, Baruj Benacerraf a Venezuelan doctor won the Nobel Prize in Medicine with Jean Dausset and George David Snell for the discovery of the "major histocompatibility complex", a family of superficial molecules in the cell that mediate the interaction of white blood cells with other cells of the body.
According to scientific research, this complex determines, the compatibility of an organ for a transplant, as well as the susceptibility of a person to an autoimmune disease. An invention that has save many lives and will continue to do so.